Acne is one of the most common skin diseases. This page contains accurate and clear information related to the causes of this dermatosis, clinical options, treatment in the acute phase and the consequences of acne, as well as guidelines for proper skin care.
Acne is a disease of the hair follicles and one of the most common dermatoses. Its occurrence and development are due to several factors, including genetic predisposition, increased sebum secretion, hypercolonization of the skin with P. acnes, impaired follicular keratinization and others.
Acne is characterized by larger and more productive sebaceous glands. Sebum secretion is high in newborns, after which it gradually decreases until a new peak is reached at the beginning of puberty. At the end of this age period follows a relatively constant level of sebum production without expected peaks. This explains to some extent the frequency of the disease in adolescence.
Acne in adulthood (acne tarda) is divided into persistent (started during puberty and not passed) or late-onset, which begins after the 25th anniversary. Among the most frequently discussed reasons for their occurrence are reported endocrine and metabolic disorders, diet (so-called Western diet) and chronic stress. It is usually found in females.
As a rule, the involvement of the body is observed in active athletes and in more severe forms of the disease. The décolleté and the upper half of the back are affected. There are also hair-fat follicles in these areas, which can become clogged with fatty secretions and become inflamed. The sebaceous glands are larger and produce more sebum than those on the skin of the face.
Scars and hyperpigmentation are severe cosmetic consequences resulting from improper or delayed treatment of acne. The most effective means of combating these complications remains their early prevention. However, there are a number of reliable methods for correcting scars and removing hyperpigmentation.
Acne treatment aims to reduce the severity and duration of the disease, reduce the risk of scarring and improve the psycho-emotional state of patients. It includes facial cleansing and skin care procedures, topical and systemic therapy, as well as therapy aimed at correcting the effects of the disease, such as scarring and hyperpigmentation.