Acne in adults. Causes and treatment.
Acne in adults (adult acne) is divided into persistent (started during puberty and not passed) or late-onset, which begins after the age of 25. Among the most commonly discussed causes of their occurrence are reported endocrine and metabolic disorders, diet (so-called Western diet) and chronic stress. It is more common in females.
About 60% of women in Western countries continue to have acne in their 20s, and about 40% "carry" it in their 30s. The underlying genetic predisposition to the disease is evidenced by studies among families with generations suffering from acne, as well as studies among identical twins. The family history of acne is associated with an earlier onset of the disease in heirs, resistance to therapy, and a tendency to persist into adulthood.
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The clinical picture of age-related acne is slightly different from that of adolescence. It mainly affects the U-zone - the skin in the area of the lower jaw and chin. It is represented mainly by inflammatory lesions - papules and pustules. Comedones are rare. The risk of scarring and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is moderate.
Treatment of acne
Therapy is determined by the severity of the clinical picture, age, sex and general condition of the patient. You can learn more about acne treatment at this page.